For Persons with Disability

What is Disability

Disability is the consequence of an impairment that may be physical, cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional, developmental, or some combination of these. A disability may be present from birth, or occur during a person's lifetime. An individual is said to be disabled if he/she has had impairment in the past or is seen as disabled based on a personal, group standard or norm. Such impairments may include physical, sensory, and cognitive or developmental disabilities. Mental disorders (also known as psychiatric or psychosocial disability.

PREVENTION AND EARLY DETECTION OF DISABILITIES

Government and local authorities like NGOs take certain steps for the prevention of occurrence of disabilities like surveys, investigations and research concerning the cause of occurrence of disabilities, promote various methods of preventing disabilities, screen all the children at least once in a year for the purpose of identifying "at-risk" cases, provide facilities for training to the staff at the primary health centres, sponsor awareness campaigns and disseminate information for general hygiene, health and sanitation, take measures for pre-natal, parental and post-natal care of mother and child, educate the public through the pre-schools, schools, primary health centres, village level workers and anganwadi workers, create awareness amongst the masses through television, radio and other mass media on the causes of disabilities and the preventive measures to be adopted.

Types of disability

The term "disability" broadly describes impairment in a person's ability to function, caused by changes in various subsystems of the body, or to mental health. The degree of disability may range from mild to moderate, severe, or profound. A person may also have multiple disabilities.

Conditions causing disability are classified by the medical community as:

  • Inherited (genetically transmitted).
  • Congenital, meaning caused by a mother's infection or other disease during pregnancy, embryonic or foetal developmental irregularities, or by injury during or soon after birth.
  • Acquired, such as conditions caused by illness or injury; or of unknown origin.

Types of disabilities categorized as follows:

  • Visually Impaired
  • Leprosy Cured.
  • Hearing Impaired.
  • Locomotor Disability.
  • Mental Retardation.
  • Multiple Disability

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